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EDAV PROJECT PART VII

Electro Dynamic Air Vehicle
Janurary 20
11

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This article explains how we can enter an era of Zero Emissions and at the same time save our planet from the effects of excess greenhouse gases from fossil fuel combustion. We will do this by developing and producing engines that don’t need petroleum to operate and that are emission free. It will reduce expenses of fueling cars and at the same time create good paying jobs and provide an additional income for every owner from day one. These engines are not based on fossil fuel combustion but on super-heated compressed air reciprocating engines.

The daily emission of CO2 in the world is 90 million tons. The Supercharged Air Turbine technology we are proposing to do can reduce this by 36 million tons per day within the next 5 years. This will also greatly reduce the total cost of imported oil, create millions of jobs and help balance national budgets.

An extra benefit is that this technology can be used as stand alone power generators or installed in electric cars that if they are connected to the smart grid at least half of the time could produce as much power as 15 large nuclear power plants. Besides saving money by giving existing cars an unlimited range with a self sufficient power supply, when the cars are not being driven they can be plugged into the wall, and be a part of a distributed power system based on a Smart Grid. Trucks and many different transportation vehicles can become Smart Grid compatible with our new technology installed, constantly feeding energy into the grid when not mobile. Another much needed solution is an electrical power source that is economical and cheap to operate. Location makes no difference for there is no combustion fuel base or storage required. Grid rebuilding in places where weather disasters have destroyed power disbursement can now be easily regenerated and restored at much lower costs.

Our technology can provide electrical power generation from 100 kilowatt output up to larger units supplying 5 megawatts. Smaller systems for bicycles and scooters can also be developed producing 2.5 kilowatt. All of these systems produce exhaust but it is clean reusable air that is filtered and cleaned thru the intake air canister. Any of these systems can be installed in underground locations, inside buildings, or outside remote locations.

Current State of Development

In 2008-2009 a development of a 40 kilowatt power system prototype was built. This produced 40 kW of available power for a considerable amount of time using only a limited supply of compressed air. Improvements in the system showed the air engine could have extended its run time by almost double on the same amount of supplied air. It was also proven that the compressed air from a high pressure Bauer compressor running on 5 hp (3730 watts) whose power was supplied from the 40 kW generator could almost out run the engine pumping the tanks full equally as fast. The engine was equipped with

two electrically operated “Heat Reactors” which worked as heat generators to increase the volume of compressed gas by electrically super-heating the gas several hundred degrees before insertion into both cylinders. This increased volume amounted to two and a half times the initial input of supplied gas extending the operating range. It drove the efficiency of the engine upwards to near 100 percent. Power for the heat reactors was also obtained from the 40 kilowatt generator and proved to be very small. Final testing of the air engine concluded when atominized water was injected into the heat reactors at maximum heat producing an unexpected higher shaft torque output and rpm that destroyed the crankshaft and severely disabled the engines further use.

 

 
Complete Power Unit with Bauer Compressor. Power panel for Heat Reactors shown here. Steel chassis showing 40k watt generator &  reactors. (white bottles) 90 cubic feet scuba tanks are located in the rear along the back.



Supercharged Air Turbine now under Development

In late 2009 another prototype was designed. This new model is based on a low speed naturally super-heated air turbine that is capable of capturing and re-expanding its hot exhaust gases for reuse over and over again. By using a built in generator inside the turbine, electrical energy is created thru the increased rpm which then supplies power to the heating elements within the descending piston chambers to increase the chamber heat several hundred degrees. The efficiency of the turbine is calculated in the high 90 percentages with a continuous output of 286 kW shaft power. But the difference between the previous prototype and this design is that the new design runs on low pressure air (175 psi or 11.9 atmospheres) and does not require high pressure storage bottles. This cuts down on cost, size and weight of the total system. The turbine is constructed out of high temperature plastic to further lighten the total package.

 

Air turbine        

    Axial Flux Generator

 

The turbine, nicknamed “RAT” for “Recirculating Air Turbine” is based on the natural expansion principles of the Physical Gas Laws. A large part of the turbines power is derived from this internal thermal energy created by the high heat and then continuing this expansion during the chamber compression near the peripheral at higher rpm’s. Specially designed high pressure depressive jets are built into the peripheral for absorbing and compressing the gas fluid without using any moving devices. This allows us to produce a lot of output energy force from a much smaller amount of input energy. Exhausted gas fluid builds up a pressure in the housing that will become four times greater then the input pressure. There are two scroll compressors that are spun up and controlled by Axial Flux motors and these control the intake and the housing pressures. Scroll compressors have only one moving part and can compress up to 368 liters of air per minute at 11.9 atmospheres. One scroll compressor produces the air supply to power up the turbine while the second scroll compressor controls the exhausted air supply back into the turbine so the power can be maintained at a constant output. New air is inhaled only when a vacuum is felt in the system. This then acts as a closed loop system.

The faster the turbine goes the more heat is applied into the expansion part of the air stream. When the full heat is obtained in the descending chamber pistons, a water injection process of atomized water can be injected to drive the turbine to a higher torque output. Super heating the dry air to several hundred degrees will increase in volume under constant pressure over 50 percent. But by adding the additional moisture to the point of saturation the pressures are greatly increased thru the release of latent heat of evaporation. A large part of the turbines power is derived from this exchange of internal thermal energy. The water can be obtained from rain or from water wells. Water only enhances the torque output shaft driving force and is not required. All ambient air contains a certain amount of humidity and this helps power the air turbine.

The Scroll compressor provides pure oil-free air, high energy efficiency, extremely low noise level, and it is durable and reliable.

Since there is no metal to metal contact between the compression scrolls, there is no need for oil lubrication in the compression chamber. Eliminating the need for a gearbox the scroll element in our application is driven by one of our own high torque variable speed electric motors. We can therefore regulate the flow so that the compressed air output will match the air pressure demand.

The comparatively slow speed of the scroll compression elements insures that the scroll compressors are extremely quiet. A long operating life is insured because the scroll design has a small number of moving parts.

Axial Flux Generator & Electric Motor Technology

Our turbine technology is connected to an Axial Flux Generator that is built on a larger radius. This lets us make use of the input torque from the turbine and create 3 times more electrical energy output. Using newer magnetic material and a lighter housing lets us construct a new type of generator that can produce a substantial amount of power with a very low weight and smaller power shaft input. The wattage output of the AF Generator is 100 kW with a short term output requirement of 120 kW. Total efficiency of the complete system overall is 95% with an overall weight at 61 kg.

A key part of this package is the axial flux (AF) electric motor technology with an extended torque radius. Use of Axial Flux motor technology lets us again multiply this electrical force to our advantage. These electric motors can produce up to 2 kW for every kg of weight. So a 150 horsepower motor (112 kW) will weigh 11.3 kg instead of 227 kg currently purchased off the shelf today.

The Sky Commuter is the brainchild of Fred Barker
former Boeing Engineer. (This is a perfect example)

The design used three 18 pound ac electric motors, each of which generates 125 horsepower, to drive the rotors' ducted fans. (6.94 hp per lb of weight)

POSTED BY CORY DOCTOROW, JANUARY 12, 2008
R&D and production yielded only (3) concept test ships before the plant was shut down for reasons not listed. The sad end was all and anything that was in the hangar was taken and or destroyed. This sole example of this technology, Advancements and investments are present and was saved in this single craft.

(BOEING AIRCRAFT has had this technology since 1982 but has kept it from public use.)
A standard axial flux motor with a modern inverter can already be made 95% efficient. Its weight is only one fifth of what a standard induction motor weighs, and it provides much more torque. It draws generally 10% less power for the same shaft but they are as powerful as an induction motor. Building the same motor on a radius that is three times larger than the radius of the standard motor makes the AF motor produce three times the torque or three times as large a shaft power for the same current in. If we feed the motor that has this extra torque radius with one third of the power that a normal motor is drawing then it will produce the same shaft power as the regular motor. So the motor with extra large torque radius provides the same shaft power as an equivalent induction motor for only 25% of the electricity that a standard induction motor will require.

An extended radius axial flux motor can replace the internal combustion engine in existing cars and trucks. They are only 1/5 of the size of standard induction motors, and only a fraction of the size of an internal combustion engine. They will with the proper inverters perform better than the internal combustion engine. We will also use the motor for braking and save the power that braking generates.

Applications for this new Supercharged Air Turbine Technology

Existing solar and wind energy suffers from intermittent supply. If the wind blows too hard, the wind generators have to shut down or if the wind doesn’t blow the wind generators produce no electricity or income. Solar panels do not produce power at night or when heavy clouds are present. Our technology relies on compressed air to produce a continuous output 24 hours a day. When the others are sleeping our technology is still producing day in, day out, rain or shine.

There are 300 million cars on the road in the United States and equally as many in Europe and almost all are combustion automobiles with a life expectancy of 10 years. Our air turbine/generator as a 50 kW unit could be used to replace the combustion engines in these cars and small trucks. With an estimated production cost of $x,xxx.00 dollars per unit there is a potential multi-billion dollar market place. Once dealers purchase conversion kits they can install them as a replacement for the internal combustion engines. The U.S Government offers a rebate of $7500 dollars to those who change over to electric vehicles, leaving a modest cost after distribution and retail mark ups that can be easily financed, also making a profitable business for finance companies.

Lots of new jobs are produced and revenues for taxes are generated in the millions of dollars. But most of all, the consumer will win because as the new “Smart Grid” is coming online, these cars now become EV2G vehicles (Electric Vehicle 2 Grid) power sources capable of selling up to 50 kW of unused power back into the grid when the car is not being used. This can give their owners an extra paycheck at the end of the month in equal of $1800 dollars from the power utility. This now becomes a very attractive selling point for the dealer and a deal maker to the consumer to have their car rejuvenated. Millions of these cars if plugged into the grid between 8-5 can produce extra power.

RAT powered Bicycles and Scooters using a smaller design 2500 watt generator are capable of being propelled to 70 kilometers per hour or faster. A hybrid bicycle when not being used for transportation purposes can provide power to operate light bulbs or cooking stoves for poor families. Bicycles are essential transport in many poorer parts of the world, and this could greatly increase its efficiency and load bearing capacity, and replace cars in urban areas. Bicycling has become a worldwide sport today and with this added technology one can go anywhere and be able to camp out among the stars and still have power capabilities to power lap top computers or a small TV and some lights. One can easily enjoy all the comforts of home outdoors.

Remote Power Generation Stations can be installed in areas where it is to costly to bring in a power grid. By combining several of these turbine generators a very large amount of electrical power can be provided in a small commercial type building. The cost for such an electrical generation system is 70 percent cheaper to install and the maintenance cost also becomes smaller. A 12 x 18 meter building could produce 10 MW of electrical power. This market is again a multibillion dollar market that is virtually untouched. Areas destroyed by natural disasters can easily obtain electrical power now.

New generation of EDAV aircraft can now be designed making these into full electric vehicles with unlimited range. The lightness and power capabilities of the axial flux electric motor technology will bring about more powerful thrusters creating Vertical Takeoff and Landing concepts that are quieter and faster than conventional gas counterparts. This is excellent technology for the growing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle market as it gives unlimited air time and distance over gas fueled types.

The EDAV PROJECT again stands for “ELECTRO DYNAMIC AERO VEHICLE”

Creating a vehicle that is capable of full electric flight is the motive for these writings. Using the kinetic forces of a non combustion process to achieve electrical generation has now been covered in this article for all to see. So how does this relate to the EDAV project you ask?

Victor Schauberger’s implosion motor which I have studied here in the previous chapters spanning the last six years, has uncovered a lot of the nuts and bolts of just how this engine can create its power. There is no doubt in my mind that the implosion motor is capable of producing the horsepower and efficiencies claimed by Victor. Victors claim on page 183, “The Energy Revolution” of a very high efficiency of near 95 percent is so stated along with certain calculations proving such.

I also have achieved this near 95 percent efficiency in my RAT design as shown in the above chart developed by the engineers working with me. Now we all know that a motor exhibiting this kind of output efficiency is a dream because it is all too commonly agreed that frictional and thermal losses will eat away at these figures. So let’s say that I concede to the fact that if I can get 85 percent then it is still the best non combustion system the world has ever seen.
 

Average Component efficiency
   

A) RAT turbine
B) Axial Flux Generator
C) Scroll Compressor
D) Axial Flux Motors
E) Invertors
     Total
95%
95%
85%
95%
90%
92%


After all, only the gas turbine can exhibit an efficiency of near 85 percent. But remember it is a fuel burning engine and can burn thru so many gallons of diesel fuel per hour you can’t count it all on your fingers. Diesel engines are just 38% efficient.

Developing a fully electric aircraft along with this RAT turbine technology is not a cheap proposition by any means. Now it took Noah 100 years to build the floating ark that held all the animals so my time to do this may be equally as long. The fun is in the chase anyways, right. Wonder how long it took Mose’s to do all that engineering. Oh I forgot he had help from a higher source, I don’t. The internet is a big place and just maybe someone will have enough faith to come forward with a pocket full of cash money and be from a higher source equally as high.

The FULLY ELECTRIC VTOL as illustrated in this coming context could well be the next sensation in aircraft technology. Once this technology comes to a full development other craft can be designed to use this same power system as seen below powered by the RAT TECHNOLOGY. The EDAV AIRCRAFT is evolving from the knowledge that has been understood and written. We therefore are also able to power this upcoming aircraft utilizing the T. Townsend Brown Effect also know as ELECTROGRAVITICS.

I prefer to call this “Electrostatic Thrust” because of the ionic wind generated by the electric wing and turned into a powerful thrust of air to create lift.


Hoverplane Light Sport Aircraft With Electrostatic Wing

This airplane looks small and inexpensive as a two seat air plane. But there is nothing cheap about the performance of this airplane. It is a modern ultra light vertical take off electric Hover plane that is super quiet. It is a showcase of what electric propulsion can do. This Hover plane is exhibiting a version of electric propulsion that has not been seen before.

Vertical takeoff and landing is achieved by two super high torque AF 60Hp Motors, one located in each wing. The amount of current each of the motors is drawing to provide the fan shafts with the power they need is determined of the reversed ratio of the torque. Located in ducted thrust housings the 6 bladed Kevlar props are capable of moving the plane straight up wards at an acceleration of 1,200 FPM minimum and maximum 2,800 FPM. On the ground, the Hover plane is designed to stand on three legs which also serve as landing gear. The plane is also designed to be able to land as a normal airplane when needed. When the pilot is preparing for take off, he would start the power generator and then turn on the two wing fans. The pilot can choose to use a combination of the main thruster propeller and his wing thruster propeller to gain both distance and attitude faster, but he will turn off and cover the wing propeller when he has reached the cruising attitude.

In principle this Hover plane can cruise at 260 miles per hour and excel up to a maximum speed of 320 MPH. It has no flight ceiling—it is not air-breathing like gas engines are, and thus is not limited by thin air—so it could achieve an altitude of 100,000 feet or better. It has no range limitations.

As you can see from this side view the location of the turbine power system is located behind the pilot’s seat area. The turbine only runs at 2400 rpm so it is actually very quiet compared to other gas turbines that run at higher speeds. The AF motor can be seen in its location that spins up the propeller. Behind the propeller is the channel wing lift area that not only creates a vectored lift but also creates a down thrust force to achieve the vertical lift. Large rudders steer the aircraft even in a hovering position. So this aircraft makes use of several known aerodynamic forces not seen before.

 
Remote control Models built previously to prove the effect of VTOL

Above is Leonard Cramp experimental VTOL design using a center mounted ducted propeller to create vectored lift. Leonard also incorporated a helium lift envelop on each wing to give extra lift to the aircraft. But I have excluded the helium lift cells and replaced them with the electric motor thrusters located in the wings. (VTOL video available)

Electrogravitic Parabolic Wing

This Hoverplane still flies on the four forces and that is lift, thrust, weight and drag. Manipulation of these four forces by the aircraft designer lets him come up with new aircraft designs that fly within our atmospheric boundaries. But what about crossing from our atmosphere into near space boundaries. Is electrogravitic thrust capable of crossing these boundaries? The answer is yes.

Electrogravitics is a form of energy derived from high voltage power that can create an electrostatic effect. The essence of electrogravitic thrust is the use of a very strong positive charge on the leading edge side of the wing and the negative on the trailing edge. Most of this can also be relearned in the previous chapters of the EDAV project.

Using the parabolic wing was an excellent choice due to its large surface for lift capabilities in transferring from horizontal to vertical flight and for the electrostatic effects associated with circular wing designs. This wing design came about during WW2 by two brothers. Most of this story can be studied further also on the internet in other places.

Electrostatic wing thrust was discovered by T. Townsend Brown in 1955 and classified by the military. Here is a copy of his patents shown below.

Brown’s examples replicated the UFO craft. Was he involved with the alien crash at Roswell? Why did he not use a standard aircraft wing?

Last year on EDAV Part 6 I showed a picture of the winged carrousel that I built to experiment with electrostatic thrust. At this time I am including a YOUTUBE video presentation of my winged carrousel for all to view. Turn up your video volume so you can hear the sound of these 12 inch wings as they rotate and fly around the carrousel. They run on a 12 volt DC car battery. The gauge clearly shows the amount of voltage being applied and the wing speed generated. The speed is justified by the applied voltage. More voltage applied, the faster the wings fly. So the aircraft is only limited in speed by the amount of electrical power the aircraft power plant can provide.

This Hoverplane assembles and demonstrates many new technologies all at once. Since it does not produce any combustion emissions, it is a totally green aircraft for the environment.

After the Hoverplane takes flight, the pilot simply powers down the electric motors and powers up the electrostatic wing. Normal landing and takeoffs can be completed with this aircraft without using the VTOL capabilities. The aircraft distance is limitless and noiseless once electrostatic thrust is initiated.

Conclusion

There is no other aircraft built in the world at this time that can even come close to the weight, speed or good looks of this aircraft. Electrogravitic technology no longer belongs to Boeing, Northrop or Lockheed as there 50 years of possession has been squandered away. Ultralight America has the technology to build such a type of aircraft if the financial needs can be met. We have built many planes over the past years and our experience in the light aircraft field has grown. A three foot wing flying on a 20 ft diameter is now being assembled. It will simulate takeoff, climb and landing on electrostatic thrust.

    
Wings are 32 inches in width. Bottom view shows propellers in wing
Notice the electrostatic wire at the leading edge.

    
Electric motors are remote controlled with battery located in cockpit.
Yellow Bee electric remote control redesigned for electrostatics use.

As you can see this wing is equipped with remote control electronics but still must be powered from an attached power supply. Power for this wing will be supplied by a neon sign transformer using 120 ac power. Using a neon sign transformer for the 32 inch wing is fifteen times more powerful than the unit previously used to power the 12 inch wings. So the speed should be much greater for this model.

I now have the power system, the wing design, and the electrical schematics to build a flying prototype. This is no joke. The time has come to broach this market and I will be the first. As an aircraft manufacturer I am committed to provide the first non combustion fully electric aircraft with electrostatic thrust for the commercial market place. The EDAV PROJECT will become reality; it’s only a matter of time.

FUTURE ISSUES WILL ADDRESS:

  1. Another new turbine design has been brought to the table that also runs on thermal expansion. It could be far more powerful than the technology shown here and will be discussed in later chapters. This new turbine design will be far capable of producing a much greater electrical output and may well be able to carry the electrostatic aircraft into the space environment and return it to the atmosphere of earth without skipping a beat. This is a very exciting breakthrough in our technology.
  2. During this last year information received from an individual on another implosion motor design will be posted. This motor came from declassified material and reviewing the design will take some time. It is a Victor Schauberger design clearly but sheds more new light in this work.
  3. Buildup of the electrostatic wings and thrust testing results. Also exploring the designs of an electrostatic vortex field.

Hope you have enjoyed this material. Next year will come more information on the turbine buildup and the electrostatic wing. I will begin testing various electrostatic wings from patents that have already been filed to determine which wings may present the most thrust. Since this is a wide open subject all this work is based on facts. So there will be no misconceptions or arguments about the evidence posted here or in future issues of the EDAV PROJECT.

Sincerely,
KAZ

32227 Windrose Lane
Waller, TX. 77445
Telephone 979-885-9145

Website: www.ultralightamerica.com 
email: ulamerica@aol.com 

This is a summary of the total amount of energy required to operate the new VTOL ELECTRIC AIRCRAFT. Since the aircraft can support multiple turbine generator systems, what ever power is needed can be delivered.
Figures for electrostatic conversion are not shown here but will be posted in future issues.

 

 
Contact Ultralight America by e-mail at:
kimazorzi@gmail.com  

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